Interview with dr inż. Stanisław Tokarski

Interview with dr inż. Stanisław Tokarski

Doctor, what do you think, what is the role of coal energy in terms of energy balance by 2030?

By 2030, when it comes to the Polish energy mix, the share of coal will not change much. This is due to the long investment cycle and the long cycle of changing electricity generation technologies. Even if we consider that investments in renewable sources are a little faster in terms of implementing the investment projects themselves. This means that according to the draft energy policy that was presented by the Minister of Energy, 60% of coal in the energy mix should be expected; this is real value; it will be maintained rather than changed significantly.

What do you think, can and how can the share of renewable energy be strengthened in the balance sheet by 2030?

The global trend we have entered is the replacement of emission energy based on fossil fuels with less emission and non-emission energy, mainly renewable. Probably everyone would agree with the statement that if it were possible today, it would not disturb anyone if we only used energy from the sun, wind and water and stopped burning energy resources. All our annual energy demand in the world; not only electricity, but energy in general; the sun provides in less than an hour. Imagine the huge potential of the sun. Regardless of the auction system supporting the development of renewable energy, an instrument that could be used to initiate or develop so-called civic energy would be a tax relief for those who will build a photovoltaic installation on the roof of their house corresponding to the demand for electricity consumed by household. Expenditure on installations with a capacity of several kilowatts plus energy storage could be deducted from pre-tax revenues and allocated to the first 1000 MW on roofs in solar farms with energy storage. I keep my fingers crossed and strongly urge decision makers to do so. I believe that it is rational and possible ..

So how do you fight air pollution caused by burning coal?

I have a fairly simple prescription for it, although I realize that its implementation may not be easy. We can assume that in power plants and combined heat and power plants we can burn coal in a way that does not cause the so-called low emission. Emission standards, in accordance with the new requirements of the so-called BAT conclusions are so restrictive that sometimes the exhaust fumes from the energy production process are cleaner than the air on the street, which we walk by stirring dust with our shoes. If we now shift the coal that we burn in homes to power plants, combined heat and power plants, produce heat there, produce electricity and adopt such a rule that in newly built houses a ban on furnaces for solid fossil fuels is introduced, and only non-emission systems can be the source of heat supply or low-carbon such as district heating, gas, biomass, electricity and others. According to the plans for heat supply in cities or municipalities, anyone who would build a house would go to the office and first receive information whether it is possible to access network heat produced in the combined heat and power plant. If this is not the case, then the next step of choice is gas, which is from the point of view of smog, low emissions, is clean fuel. The next source of choice are various types of hybrid systems; I would not rule out using biomass for combustion either. According to standards, because we have many farms that have access to the forest, to wood. Especially in rural communes it is necessary. The last element of choice is electricity. That the energy that we produce from coal shifted from household furnaces to power plants, combined heat and power plants, should be provided at a special anti-smog tariff, so that the cost of heating with network heat, gas and electricity; after this special tariff; was comparable. This is not a utopia. This tariff was introduced by the Ministry of Energy last year. It requires certain adjustments, as well as the introduction of compensation for the rising costs of CO2 emission allowances heating up electricity. Such compensation may come from funds obtained from the sale of emission allowances by the Government and is in line with the EU climate policy.

So, briefly, the idea is that without giving up coal, we move it to power plants, combined heat and power plants, heat it with system heat, gas, biomass, other hybrid systems and electricity at an anti-smog tariff, so as to provide heating costs at a comparable price in these technologies.

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